Click Here For PDF

Environmental Justice Review

– 1 –
Adirondack / Glens Falls Transportation Council
Title VI / Environmental Justice Review

1. Purpose

The Environmental Justice Planning Project, Task 4.10 of the Adirondack /
Glens Falls Transportation Council’s (A/GFTC’s) Unified Planning and Work
Program (UPWP), calls for “an annual report de tailing the location(s) of
minority and low-income populations in the Greater Glens Falls area, the
location(s) of transportation planning activities, success and/or failure to
address those populations equitably, and a mechanism to continue
consideration of those factors in the future.” This review will examine
A/GFTC’s performance with respect to compliance with existing
Environmental Justice legislation.

2. Background
A/GFTC is the designated Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) for the
Planning and Programming Area of Warren County, NY, Washington County,
NY, and the Town of Moreau in Saratoga County, NY. All MPOs are required
to review their transportation planning activities to ensure that low-income
and minority groups are receiving equitab le treatment. The following is a list
of relevant legislation:

• Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act (42 U.S.C. 2000d-1) states that, “No
person in the Unites States shall, on the ground of race, color, or natural
origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be
subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving
Federal financial assistance.”

• The President’s Executive Order on Environmental Justice (Executive
Order 12898, issued February 11, 19 94) further provides that “each
Federal agency shall make achieving environmental justice part of its
mission by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately
high and adverse human health or en vironmental impacts of its programs,
policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income
populations.

• In compliance with Executive Order 12898, the United States Department
of Transportation (USDOT) issued the United States Department of
Transportation Order on Environmental Justice (DOT Order 5610.2 , April
15, 1997) requiring the incorporation of environmental justice principles
into all existing USDOT activities, policies, and programs.

• Issued December 2, 1998, the Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA’s)
FHWA Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations

– 2 –
and Low-Income Populations (FHWA 6640.23) is a similar document to
DOT Order 5610.2 and requires incorporation of environment justice
principles into all FHWA acti vities, policies, and programs.

None of the legislation listed above contains guidance or standards regarding
the review of MPO practices. This r eport was developed by A/GFTC based on
its interpretation of the documents listed above.

3. Review Criteria
The two sets of demographic and economic data used in this review are
Minority Population Percentage and Low and Moderate Income Population
Locations. The base geographical unit us ed for classification is the Census
Block Group, the finest level of detail at which such data is available. The
analysis area has been defined as the entire A/GFTC Planning and
Programming Area.

A. Minority Population Percentage
Minority Population Percentage is the total number of minority persons in
all minority groups (from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing )
divided by the total number of all pe rsons per Census Block Group. The
total number of persons from all minority groups was used due to the
general absence of a significant regional minority population that is
comprised of any one single ethnic group.

B. Low and Moderate Income Population Locations
Income level data was derived from 2000 Census. The HUD Division of
Community Planning and Development for the Community Development
Block Grant program (CDBG) uses a metropolitan area’s median household
income to determine income thresholds. A/GFTC will use a similar
approach to identify Low and Moderate Income Population Locations. In
accordance with HUD standards, Low Income Population Locations are
identified as those Block Groups where the median household income does
not exceed 50 percent of county median household income. Block Groups
with median household income values that are between 50 and 80 percent
of the county value are identified as Moderate Income Population
Locations. Median household incomes for the three counties within the
A/GFTC Planning and Programming Area are listed below:

County Median Household Income* 80% 50%

Warren $39,198 $31,358 $19,599
Washington $37,668 $30,134 $18,834
Saratoga $49,460 $39,568 $24,730

*from the Census Transportation Planning Package

– 3 –
4. Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) Review (FHWA funds)

To review the distribution of FHWA funds, the locations of projects currently
listed in A/GFTC’s Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) will be
examined. The function of the TIP is to schedule the design and construction
of federal aid-eligible transportation projects five years into the future. Prior
to final adoption by A/GFTC’s Policy Committee, the draft TIP is made
available to the public by distribution to area municipal offices, libraries, and
at other community events. The purpose of this distribution is to make the
TIP available for public comment as the document is being developed.
Comments received are reviewed by staf f and the A/GFTC Technical Advisory
Committee (TAC) and considered for incorporation into each final document.
The present schedule for TIP revisions is once every two years.

5. Public Transit Service Review (Fed eral Transit Administration (FTA)
funds)
In addition to programming available FHWA funds for the Glens Falls Urban
Area, A/GFTC also receives planning funds from FTA for the same area. An
analysis of the public transit service ar ea is included. A/GFTC does not make
the final determination regarding public transit routing. That responsibility
lies with Greater Glens Falls Transit, th e federally designated recipient of FTA
Capital and Operating funds in the Glens Falls Urban Area.

6. Review Results

A. Minority Population Percentages
The highest value for Minority Populati on Percentage for any Census Block
Group that lies within the Glens Fall s Urban Area was found to be 8.5%.
Discounting two Block Groups that co ntain correctional facilities, the
highest Minority Population Percentage outside of the Glens Falls Urban
Area was found to be 4.22%. Appendix A contains maps showing the
distribution of minority populati ons throughout the Planning and
Programming Area and the Glens Falls Urban Area. Because of the
unusually low percentage of minority residents that characterizes the
area, it is staff’s assertion that no Block Group within the A/GFTC Planning
and Programming Area warrants special consideration status based upon
Minority Population Percentage.

B. Low Income Population Locations

Based upon the low and moderate income thresholds identified previously
in this report, sixteen Census Block Groups within the Planning and
Programming Area have been identified as Low or Moderate Income
Population Locations. Ten of those Block Groups are within the Glens Falls
Urban Area, and are identifi ed by the symbol (u).

– 4 –
Block Group# Municipality % of County Median Income
361130705002 City of Glens Falls (u) 43.67
360910602001 Village of Sout h Glens Falls (u) 60.45
361130706002 Town of Queensbury (u) 60.90
361130702001 City of Glens Falls (u) 65.10
361150803001 Village of Hu dson Falls (u) 69.56
361130730001 Town of Warrensburg 70.15
361130705001 City of Glens Falls (u) 73.50
361130703001 City of Glens Falls (u) 73.81
361150840003 T. / V. of Granville 74.24
361150880002 Village of Fort Edward (u) 75.68
361130740001 Town of Johnsburg 76.13
361150870003 Town of Argyle 76.90
361150820002 T. / V. of Whitehall 78.54
361130720001 Villa ge of Lake George (u) 78.99
361130704002 City of Glens Falls (u) 79.60
361130740002 Town of Johnsburg 79.72
1) TIP Project Distribution
• Glens Falls Urban Area
Low or Moderate Income Population Locations within the Urban
Area are typically adjacent to at least one Principal Arterial or Minor
Arterial roadway that serves a unique regional transportation
function. TIP projects that include maintenance of those arterials
are vital to sustaining and improving the functionality of the
regional transportatio n network as a whole.

Urban Area reconstruction projects that have been advanced to the
design phase include Route 4 in Hudson Falls and Fort Edward,
Corinth Road / Main Street / Broad Street in Queensbury and Glens
Falls, and Warren Street in Glens Fa lls. These projects all intersect
Low or Moderate Population Locations and are designed to balance
regional circulation improvem ents with minimal negative
community impacts. All will provide benefits to the immediate
surrounding environment, including bicycle and pedestrian
enhancements, safety improvements, and new pavement surfaces.

• Non-Urban Area

The majority of capital projects in the rural portion of the A/GFTC
Programming Area are bridge rehabilitation and replacement
projects. The 2003-08 TIP contains several bridge projects within
Moderate Income Population Locations. These projects are
generally designed to preserve the utility of the existing
transportation system by maintain ing access to areas not directly
served by higher classification roadways and as such constitute an

– 5 –
investment in local infrastructure as opposed to a displacement of
burden.
For more detail regarding the geographic relationship between TIP
projects and Low and Moderate Income Population Locations, refer
to the maps in Appendix B.

2) Transit Service
• Glens Falls Urban Area
Low and Moderate Income Population Locations within the Glens
Falls Urban Area are well-covered by public transit services
provided by Greater Glens Falls Tr ansit. Most residents of those
Block Groups are within ¼ mile (or approximately a 15 minute
walk) of a regular GGFT route.

• Non-Urban Area
GGFT services do not presently extend beyond the Glens Falls
Urban Area boundary.

Appendix C contains a map depicting transit service in the Urban Area.

6. Public Involvement

A/GFTC actively seeks public participation in all phases of the planning
process. In addition to posting all draft publications for public comment, the
public is notified of and encouraged to attend all A/GFTC Policy Committee
and Technical Advisory Committee meetings. Articles relating to various
projects and activities are routinely posted in local newspapers and broadcast
on local radio stations. Special project newsletters and surveys are sent to
property owners and residents adjacent to specific work or study areas.
A/GFTC staff participates in public events throughout the year in order to
obtain further public participation and explain how the transportation
planning process works.

7. Conclusions

Upon review of the demographic an d economic information obtained in
preparing this report, the following conclusions can be made:

A. Minority populations are not subjected to a disparate amount of
adverse environmental and/or he alth impacts as a result of
federally funded transportation projects or activities. Because of
the fact that minority populations in the A/GFTC Planning and
Programming Area are very small, an d that no specific Block Group
within that area is char acterized by a disproport ionately large minority

– 6 –
population, no areas of specific concern can be identified based on the
locations of minority populations.

B. Persons living in Low Income Population Locations are not
subjected to a disparate amou nt of adverse environmental
and/or health impacts as a re sult of federally funded
transportation projects or activities. Sixteen Block Groups in the
A/GFTC Planning and Programming Area have been classified by
A/GFTC as Low or Moderate Income Population Locations based on a
methodology similar to that used by HUD. Those locations warrant
monitoring with respect to future A/GFTC planning and programming
activities. Throughout the entire planning area, TIP projects have been
equitably distributed so that Low Income Population Locations are
receiving maintenance funding and are not being forced to suffer
adverse effects from projects designed to benefit residents of other
areas. Presently, Low and Moderate Income Population Locations
within the Glens Falls Urban Area are well served by public transit.

C. All persons in the A/GFTC Planning and Programming Area,
regardless of ethnicity or income status, have equal
opportunity to participate in the transportation planning
process. The public outreach efforts undertaken by A/GFTC involve
mailings, media notifications, public postings, and public appearances.
Those efforts are not geared towards persons of any specific ethnic
group or income level.

8. Future Documentation
A/GFTC will continue to update this review as new data is released.
Information generated by this review will be maintained, and the planning
process will continue to be monitored to ensure that A/GFTC complies with
Environmental Justice legislation in its usage and dispersal of federal funds.

– 7 –

Appendix A

Minority Population Data

¯
08164Miles
Minority Population Percentages – Planning and Programming Area
Legend
0.00 – 2.00
2.01 – 4.00
Municipal Boundary
2000 Census Block Groups
All Minority Persons as a
Percentage of Total Population
Johnsburg
Thurman
Stony Creek Chester
Warrensburg Horicon
Hague
Putnam
Dresden Whitehall Hampton
Fort Ann
Bolton
Lake
George
Lake
Luzerne Granville
Hartford Hebron
Salem
White Creek
Cambridge
Easton
Jackson
Greenwich Argyle
Fort
Edward
Moreau Kingsbury
Queensbury
Glens Falls
Data Sources:
2000 Census LC/LGRPB NYSDOT
Census Transportation Planning Package
Produced by A/GFTC July 2004
4.32%
4.82%
6.79%
4.16%
8.5% 4.57%
49.0%
4.22%
5.79%
4.01 – 6.79 (maximum value)

0361.5 Miles
Minority Population Percentages – Urban Area
Queensbury
Moreau
Lake Luzerne
Fort EdwardKingsbury
Glens Falls Hudson Falls
Lake George
Fort Ann
Argyle
Warrensburg
Legend
0.00 – 2.00
2.01 – 4.00
Municipal Boundary
2000 Census Block Groups
All Minority Persons as a
Percentage of Total Population
¯
Data Sources:
2000 Census
NYSDOT
LC/LGRPB
A/GFTC
Census Transportation Planning Package
Produced by A/GFTC July 2004
5.79% 4.57%
4.82% 6.79%
4.16%
8.5%
4.32%
4.01 – 6.79 (maximum value)

– 8 –

Appendix B

TIP Projects and Low Income Population
Locations

Hudson
Falls
South
Glens
Falls
Johnsburg
Bolton
Fort Ann Hague
Chester
ThurmanHoricon
Argyle
EastonSalem Hebron Stony CreekDresden
Whitehall
Granville
Moreau QueensburyHartford Warrensburg
Jackson Putnam
Greenwich Kingsbury
Lake Luzerne
White Creek Cambridge Lake
GeorgeHampton
Fort
Edward
¯
07.5153.75 Miles
TIP Projects / Low Income Population Areas
Planning and Programming Area
2000 Census Block GroupsBlock Group Median Household Income
by County Median Income Percentage
!
H
!
H
!
H
!
H !
H
!
H !
H
!
H
!
H!
H
Legend
!
H !
H!
H
!
H
!
H
!
H
!
H!
H
!
H
!
H
!
H
Glens Falls
Data Sources:
2000 Census NYSDOT LC/LGRPB A/GFTC
Census Transportation Planning Package
Produced by A/GFTC July 2004
!
H
Moderate Income
Low IncomeBridge
Construction Year
2006
!
H
TIP Projects
!
H2003
!
H2004
!
H2005
!
H2007
!
H2008Intersection
Roadway
!
>!
>
!
>
!
>
!
>
!
>
Federal Aid Eligible Roads
Urban Area Boundary
Municipal Boundaries
Lake George

Hudson
Falls South Glens Falls
Queensbury Lake GeorgeFort Ann
Kingsbury
Fort
EdwardArgyle
Moreau Lake Luzerne
!
.
W
AR

02
W
AR
1
13
WA
S
38
WA
S
3
7
WAR 01
WAS 112
WAS 70
WAR 59
¯
0361.5 Miles
TIP Projects / Low Income Population Areas – Urban Area
2000 Census Block Groups
Block Group Median Household Income
by County Median Income Percentage
!
>
Urban Area Boundary
Municipal Boundaries
Lake George
BridgeConstruction Year
!
>!
>
2006!
H
Glens
Falls
WA
R
16
WAR 22
Legend
TIP Projects
!
H
2003
!
H2004
!
H2005
!
H2007
!
H2008
Intersection
Roadway
!
>!
>
!
>
!
>
!
>
!
>
– .
,87
– .
,87
G
‘254D
$4
(
/9
E
%9N
E
%9L
(
/9
F
&32
E
%197
E
%197
G%14 9
D
$4
D
$4
Low Income
Moderate Income
Produced by A/GFTC July 2004Data Sources:
2000 Census
NYSDOT
Census Transportation
Planning Package
LC/LGRPB
A/GFTC

– 9 –

Appendix C

Transit Service and Low Income Populations

¯
Transit Routes / Low Income Populations – Urban Area
Lake George
QueensburyFort Ann
Kingsbury
Moreau
Fort Edward
Glens Falls
Hudson Falls
Fort Edward South Glens Falls
Legend
GGFT Fixed Route System
1/4 Mile Service Area Buffer
Low Income
Moderate Income
Municipal Boundaries
Urban Area Boundary
0120.5 Miles
2000 Census
NYSDOT
Census Transportation Planning Package
Greater Glens Falls Transit
LC/LGRPB
Produced by A/GFTC July 2004
Data Sources: